MELILLA CEUTA Y MELILLA

MELILLA

Data of the Town

Melilla

Town

Autonomous city of Melilla

Municipality

Melilla

Province

Melilla

Community

Autonomous of Melilla

Habt. / Ine 2005

70000

 

Town hall

Direction

Square Spain, 1

ZIP code

52001

Phone

952699100

Fax

952699230

Office Tourism

952976151

Official web

Autonomous city of Melilla

Web of Interest

Melilla in information and photos

E-mail municipality

info@melillaturismo.com
 

 

In the north of Africa, washed by the waters of the Mediterranean, Melilla it is placed on the coast suroriental of the Peninsula of Three Forcas. For his privileged situation, Melilla is considered to be the door of Africa. In the same city four different Melillas lives together: the Christian, the Muslim, the Hebrew and the kidling Hindu Melilla.



Melilla the Old woman or "The People", since affectionately they call him the melillenses, and that many now also know with the name of The Citadel, comprises the fortified enclosure that begun to be constructed in the XVth century on the rock that served as seat to the ancient Rusadir of Phoenicians and Romans, destroyed and rebuilt several times, along the History, as a result as the invasions of vandal and Arab, or as the internal struggles of the tribes Berbers.

From the VIth century B.C. it was occupied by the Carthaginians, playing an important role in his struggle with the Romans for the mastery of the Western Mediterranean. The Carthaginians were displaced later by the Romans, who established in her a colony and in that they went so far as to mint currency.

Vandal and visigoths settled in her at the beginning of the Vth century A.D. During the Arab expansion, III was incorporated by Abd into the-Rahman to the Caliphate of Cordova at the end of the IXth century. In the XIIIth century it happened to belong to the Fez meriníes, turning out to be harmed by the clashes between Fez and Tremecén. His principal economic activity in this stage is the piracy, and it seems that it is now when it begins to be called Melilla.



His strategic position in the north of Africa, like defensive patrol opposite to a possible Moslem attack on the Peninsula, does that the Castilian kings raise his conquest. At the end of the XVth century the duke of Medina Sidonia, Juan de Guzmán, puts Pedro de Estopiñán and Francisco Ramírez of Madrid at the head of a few troops, with which they tackle the capture of the city. This one takes place on September 17, 1497, beginning then to be constructed a Christian city on the ruins of the Muslim. It is from this moment when there are constructed his most ancient Christian monuments, like the Gothic chapel and the door of Santiago.



In spite of being incorporated to Castile, this strong square is constantly whipped from the North of Africa, a characteristic that will last throughout the following centuries, happening the peace periods with those of war. This frontier character does that it is not strange that, between the XVIth and XVIIIth centuries, the biggest effort devotes itself to provide it with suitable walls and turrets.
Intermediate point between the Christian Europe and the Islamic Maghreb, Melilla turned into port of exit of the Moroccan products, fundamentally of the iron ore of the Rif. Nevertheless, the independence of Morocco harmed Melilla, making his business volume droop. Nevertheless, it could recover thanks to his condition of frank port.

Melilla happened to be an autonomous city, with proper governmental bodies, from 1995, developing this way the possibilities of autonomy established by the Constitution of 1978.

The monumental set of lal Citadel consists of four enclosures separated by a pit or cut. The three first ones penetrate in the sea and the quarter on the continent. In the last one they emphasize the Fortresses of the Rosary and of the Victories, where from there were realized the shots of the cannon "The Walker" who determined the current Melilla limits.



Opposite to the Square of the Cultures, in full center of the city, there is placed the Melilla of the XIXth century formed by the small and coquettish quarters of the Fortress of San Carlos, Fortress of San Miguel, Citadel and Manteletta.



On the streets of the autonomous city hundreds of buildings get up designed to captivate the look of the pedestrian, constructions, different all of them, which have turned the city into the principal centromodernista of Africa and the second one of Spain after Barcelona.

Melilla Modernista that we know, constructed at the beginning of the XXth century, is the result of the interrelation of styles and personages who believed in the city and provided it with a serene and vigorous elegance. They turned it into a set constructed on the base of clear architectural profiles



The Island of Lavenders is a rocky massif placed opposite to the Bay of the same name on the beach of the Kingdom of Morocco. From the distance, his aspect for the visitor is that of a stranded ship opposite to the coast looking down impassively passing of the times.



From August 28 of 1.673, moment in which it disembarks in the island a square supervised by the Prince of Montesacro, belongs to Spain.



The Islands Chafarinas are the biggest of all the Harness it occupies Regular. It is a small archipelago, to 27 miles of the city of Melilla, formed by the islands of Elizabeth II, King and Congress. To only 4 miles of the mouth of the Rio Muluya, they are Spanish from January 6 of 1.848, day in which General Serrano disembarked in the same ones with two warships proceeding from Malaga.


The Craggy rock of Vélez of the Rubber one is a rocky islet joined ground for an isthmus. It is 260 meters long for 100 wide one and a 90 meters maximum height (Battery of the Crown).



It is distant 100 miles of Malaga, 75 of Algeciras, 80 of Melilla and 22 of Lavenders.

On July 23 of 1.508, a Spanish square ordered by Pedro Navarro, it managed to win to the pirates' strong nucleus that they her were defending. In 1.522 Muley Mohamed, master of the territory, managed to take possession of the Craggy rock until on September 6 of 1.564 D. García de Toledo, Marquess of Villafranca and Viceroy of Catalonia, by order of Felipe II, it recovers the entitlement for Spain.

Gastronomy

Potatoes casserole with Angler fish (Andalusian kitchen)
Angler fish to the Rusadir
Casserole of fish (Galician kitchen)
Fryings of fish (Andalusian kitchen)
Pinchitos of meat or fish (Berber cooks)
Msemen (handkerchiefs) (Berber cooks)
Bstela (Graze it) (Berber cooks)
Cus-cus (Arab kitchen)
Sfd (Berber cooks)
Green tea with mint (Berber cooks)

The Port Authority of Melilla is placed in the autonomous city of Melilla, on the coast suroriental of the peninsula of three Forcas.


Position Length: West, 2nd 56'
Latitude: North, 35th 17'
Predominant winds:
The Levant, West

Of interest also the Real Sports Club of Melilla

The General Command of Melilla, is provided with the following military units:

General command
Regiment of Light Infantry "Regular" 52


Brigade of the Legion. I mediate "Big Captain"


Armoured regiment of Knighthood "Alcántara" 10
Regiment of Artillery of Campaign 32
Engineers' regiment 8
Battalion of Transmissions XVIII
Logistic group
Antiaircraft group and of Coast

(Sources and photos of the webs of the page, princiapalmente of www.melilla.es and http://es.wikipedia.org/)

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